It is very wisely remarked that agriculture is man’s finest pursuit as towards the end it will contribute the maximum in generating wealth, good morals and happiness. Tracing way back to our initial stages, one will recall that the very basis of human civilization was laid down by the process of agriculture. It is food and agriculture that are the very fundamental requirements for every living being.
Even the advances in agriculture are interlinked with the development of mankind and the rapidly growing population. Further with the introduction of the life changing Green Revolution in the early 1960s, the increase in crop production is two and a half times more than the average production of 1.84 billion tonnes. This increase in the food grain production of nearly 4.38 billion tonnes is achieved on about 11% more of the average cropped land. This data sufficiently shows the developments in the agricultural land which is not only very important, but is the essential requirement of today’s world. Development in agriculture is further a result of the various sophisticated and highly innovative technologies that along with increasing the land productivity have also helped the world sustainability.
In Australia, it is these innovative and efficient industries that are to be credited for its undisputed growth and development in the agricultural sector. Despite having relatively low levels of subsidies in comparison to its competitors, the Australian farmers have proved themselves to be a competitive lot in the global food market. Also, Australia has never shied away from engaging in successful collaborations and innovations to achieve a sustainable food security in its country which has helped in its further agricultural land development.
Australia and Agriculture
The food security of a country is a major determinant of its agricultural sufficiency and also a reflection on its status as a premier food exporting nation along with the health of its population. With no likelihood of a domestic food crisis affecting the country with Australia producing not only cheap but also safe and high quality food with an output which is three times more than the current Australian population. Australia may account only for a meagre 3% of the world food trade being one of the 11 countries involved in food export, but its food exports are in itself for a value of more than 30 billion Australian Dollars on an annual basis. By this one can decipher that Australia is relatively self-sufficient in the agricultural sector with abundant land availability.
The global requirement is to increase the food productivity to sustain it, Australia is engrossed in addressing this very requirement by investing lump sum amounts on the development and advancement of technology to increase the per unit land output. With the scarcity of easily available arable land due the climate frequency and severity, the only way to increase crop production is to increase production on the already existing land areas.
Realistic approach towards growth
Like the past years, Australia no longer believes in complete reliance on water and energy to increase its yields as this is no longer an available option in today’s modern age to drive up the production gains. Agricultural growth is important even from an economic perspective because Australia has built a strong research and analysis base with the help of new generation technology and skilled workers who have helped in building a strong farming community.
Land agricultural development has continued to rise helping Australia to maintain a top position among its other major export competitors despite it being a dry and inhabited continent with high climate variability rates and poor quality soils. With the help of its research and development wing, which ranks amongst the best in the international platform, they have managed to produce various reliable ways which can be effectively applied to study the impact of the climate change on agriculture, the way to adapt to the prevailing climate and the process of mitigation. It is this capability along with its past experience of tackling difficult situations such as low input production that has helped Australia significantly boost the agricultural production in the country. The country has also learned from its past mistakes and made it their point to not repeat such omissions in the future which adds to their credibility.
With the world reaching the very boundaries of agricultural land availability and the degree of land intensification simply to satisfy the global demand for food, the world cannot afford any kind of food loss caused either due to climate variability, diseases of plants or any other medium which can lead to such crop and land destruction.
Presently, diseases such as bacterial, viral or fungal cause a loss of about 20-40% of horticultural crops, and a notable percentage of loss of grains, aquaculture and livestock worldwide. The land intensification and climate variations are a common exacerbate for the occurrence of diseases. The agricultural success of Australia has helped in checking this issue and it is this complete freedom from crop disease that has in part helped in the development of agricultural land and production of food. The biosecurity status has ensured the availability of only Healthy and hygienic domestic food along with providing a reputation in the global food market. Along with this Australia has a world reckoned expertise in ensuring that safe, nutritious and healthy food is provided to its citizens and to protect them from any kind of disease transmission. The country also creates new knowledge on diseases which can cause a harmful effect on the crops and prove as a challenge to agricultural production. It therefore stays equipped for every future challenge by training its scientists, teachers and also the farmers who require the maximum amount of training and knowledge in this regard.
Agriculture is among Australia’s most technologically and economically advanced sectors yet its majority population remains unaware of the agricultural revolution and evolution occurring on the agricultural lands over the past years. The people will be both excited and surprised to know about the various agricultural sciences and developments along with its role in building and securing its agricultural future.
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